Various Types Of Skin Disorders
The immune system in our bodies defends the body from germs and other foreign invaders and tells the difference between self and foreigner. An error can make the body incapable to tell the difference between the two, in which case the body fails to do its job of keeping the immune system in line. The result is an erroneous assault on one’s own body. This is known as autoimmune disease. There are more than 80 known types.
Different types of skin-related autoimmune disorders, include scleroderma, psoriasis, dermatomyositis, epidermolysis bullosa, and bullous pemphigoid.
Scleroderma: The skin is one area that is affected by scleroderma, which is, in fact, a pervasive condition that affects all of the body’s connective tissue. Patients can experience not only skin changes, but also symptoms in blood vessels, muscles, and organs. A localized form of scleroderma results in patches of thickened skin.
While both men and women are at risk for scleroderma, popular cases occur in women in their thirties and forties. Exposure to silica dust and polyvinyl chloride are considered risk factors for this autoimmune disorder.
Psoriasis: This is a persistent autoimmune disorder that appears as skin redness and irritation. The most common is plaque psoriasis, in which inflamed skin patches are covered by flaky, silvery patches of dead skin, or scales. Experts state that psoriasis is usually an inherited disorder. Usually triggered by infections, skin injuries, sun exposure, medications, alcohol, or even stress, people whose immune systems are already at risk, such as those with HIV, are at greater risk. Usually, signs of this autoimmune disorder appear between the ages of 15 and 35.
Dermatomyositis: This autoimmune disorder is first and foremost muscular in nature, but as dermatomyositis also affects the skin, it is sometimes categorized with skin-related autoimmune conditions. Dermatomyositis is distinguished by a skin rash, normally on the upper body, as well as thickening and tightening of the skin in many areas. Dermatomyositis patients may also have purple colored eyelids.
Childhood dermatomyositis is different from the adult form, with symptoms like fever, fatigue, rash, and weakness. In children, the disorder normally shows up between the ages of 5 and 15, and in adults, people 40 to 60 are most at risk. The condition is more prevalent among women.
Epidermolysis bullosa: All forms of epidermolysis bullosa cause fluid-filled skin blisters to develop in response to actions that don’t deserve that type of reaction. For instance, gentle rubbing of the skin or even an increase in room temperature can cause blisters to form.
The condition generally doesn’t develop until after age 50. The condition can be difficult to diagnose, because it’s hard to differentiate from mucous membrane pemphigoid, another autoimmune disorder characterized by blistering.
Bullous pemphigoid: This chronic autoimmune disorder involves skin blisters that vary in severity. In some cases, the patient may experience only mild redness of the skin, while more serious cases involve multiple blisters that can burst and form ulcers. These patients normally develop blisters on their arms, legs, or torso, and in about one-third of cases, blisters form in the mouth. Some but not all people with this condition also experience itching and bleeding gums. The disorder most commonly affects the elderly. Men and women are equally at risk for bullous pemphigoid.
There are a few tests to diagnose autoimmune diseases, depending on the particular disorder or disease. These involve blood testing, spinal fluid analysis, measurement of muscle function and MRI of the brain. These tests can pinpoint the source and location of the damage so appropriate treatment can be prescribed, all usually involving intake of Vitamin D.
A healthy diet for controlling and curing such diseases is an able mix of whole grains, low fat dairy products, brown rice, and fresh fruits and vegetables like avocadoes, pineapples, grapefruit, guava, blueberry, kiwis, apples, tomatoes, garlic, soy beans, red bell peppers. Include green tea, herbs such as chamomile and nuts including walnuts, cashews, pistachio nuts, and almonds. These will serve as natural cures when consumed in moderation.