Skin rashes can be caused by a variety of factors such as infections, heat allergies, immune system disorders and medications. Skin rashes may cause discomfort or pain, as well as embarrassment. Some skin rashes, such as heat rash and swimmer’s itch, clear by themselves, but others may need medical help. Here are some common skin rashes and simple ways to get rid of them:
Eczema is a chronic condition that causes itchy, inflamed skin. Most often it appears as patches on the face, neck or limbs. It tends to flare up periodically and then subside. Avoid harsher soaps, detergents or other irritants and applying less creams or lotions, can reduce the risk of flare-ups. Medicated creams or ointments also can diminish symptoms.
Christmas tree rash
Christmas tree rash is a thin, itchy, scaly rash that usually appears first as a single patch on the chest, abdomen or back. After this first appearance (herald patch), the rash may spread as small patches to other parts of the back and chest and to the limbs. Christmas tree rash usually goes away without treatment within a few weeks, but may last several months in extreme cases. Medicated lotions may reduce itchiness and help quicken its fading, but they’re not often required.
Contact with an irritant or allergen causes this rash. It usually produces a dry, scaly rash with an itch or pain. Exposure to a chemical usually causes this condition. The prime irritant can usually give this rash to anyone who comes in contact with them but the severity may depend on the type of skin and its resistance.
The rash that is given from irritant (1) to irritant (2) produces a very itchy, red rash with bumps and sometimes blisters. Common allergy-causing agents include latex rubber, nickel, costume jewelry, perfume, cosmetics, nail polish and poison ivy. Avoiding the irritant or allergen allows the rash to heal, and medications may help diminish symptoms.
A drug rash may be either a side effect of a drug or an allergic reaction to an agent in a medication. Common perpetrators include antibiotics, anti-seizure medications and diuretics. A drug rash, which usually starts within the first week of taking a new medication, often begins as distinct red dots that spread, covering large areas of the body. The rash usually clears in after ending the medication course.
Heat rash occurs when the course of sweat is blocked, usually due to hot, humid weather, overdressing, or tight clothing. Prickly heat is a type of heat rash that appears as clusters of small, sharp, red bumps that produce a pricking or stinging sensation. Heat rash isn’t serious and usually resolves with proper self-care methods, such as keeping the affected areas cool, using prickly heat powders and dry and avoiding tight clothing.
Intertrigo is irritation caused by skin-to-skin friction, often in damp areas of the body, such as the private parts, under the bosom, underarms or between toes. The affected skin may be sensitive or tender, and harsh cases can cause sores with pus, cracked skin or bleeding.
Damage to the skin and the warm, moist environment is breeding ground for bacterial or fungal infections on the site as well. Intertrigo usually goes down with proper cleanliness methods, like keeping the affected area clean, using powders, wearing loose clothing, etc. Infections related to intertrigo usually need drug cures.